The Ambon War Cemetery


They shall grow not old as we that are left grow old, age shall not weary them nor the years condemn, at the going down of the sun and in the morning we will remember them.


The Commonwealth Graves Cemetary in Ambon is green oasis in the busy town of Ambon, carefully maintained in honour of our fallen soldiers, sailors and airmen, a visit here is a deeply moving experience.

After the fall of Ambon in February 1942, a former Dutch army camp on the island was used to hold Australian, American and Dutch prisoners of war, captured during the invasion. The recently published book Ambon by Roger Maynard tells the story of the Australian 2/21 Battalion known as Gull Force sent to defend Ambon from the expected Japanese invasion. This Japanese prisoner of war camp had the highest death rate of any similar camp during the war. With food reduced to starvation levels combined with forced labour, the death toll soared in 1945. By the time of the Japanese capitulation only 123 of the 532 Australians left on Ambon in late 1942 remained alive. It was one of the highest death tolls that Australians experienced in captivity and many of these survivors would continue to suffer the effects of their long ordeal.

Private Leo Ayres

Private Leo Ayres

The Gull Force Associaton conducts a pilgrimage to Ambon every year to coincide with Anzac Day, where a service is held at the Tantui War Cemetery with full military support.

GullForcememorial Tantui

The War Cemetery was constructed on the site of this camp (known as Tantui) after the war. The cemetery contains Australian soldiers who died during the Japanese invasion of Ambon and Timor, plus those who died in captivity in one of the many camps constructed by the Japanese on the Moluccas Islands, including many British prisoners who were transferred from Java to the islands in April 1943. Soon after the war, the remains of prisoners of war from Haruku and other camps on the island were removed to Ambon and in 1961, at the request of the Indonesian Government, the remains of 503 graves in Makassar War Cemetery on the island of Celebes were added to the cemetery.

Ambongrave stone

The total number of graves in the cemetery is over 2,000. Of this total over half are Australians, of whom about 350 belonged to the 2/21st Australian Infantry Battalion. Most of the 800 British casualties belonged to the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force; nearly all the naval dead were originally buried at Makassar. The cemetery is laid out in a series of terraces approached by short flights of steps on the central axis. The Ambon Memorial, which is in the form of a shelter, stands on the first terrace. It commemorates over 450 Australian soldiers and airmen who died in the region of Celebes and the Molucca Islands and have no known grave. The Cross of Sacrifice stands on the highest terrace in a wide expanse of lawn; the terrace below it contains most of the burials from Makassar. All the graves are marked with bronze plaques mounted on concrete pedestals and set in level turf. Tropical trees and shrubs are planted throughout the cemetery and around its boundaries. There are 1,956 Commonwealth burials of the 1939-1945 war here,357 of these are unidentified. There are 186 Dutch burials here, 15 being unidentified, and 1 American Airman. The American airman was killed with 7 Australian airmen in July 1945; all were buried in a collective grave in Plot 28.

About ianburnet

Author of the book, Spice Islands. Which tells the History, Romance and Adventure of the spice trade from the Moluccas in Eastern Indonesia over a period of 2000 years. Author of the book, East Indies.Which tells the history of the struggle between the Portuguese Crown, the Dutch East India Company and the English East India Company for supremacy in the Eastern Seas. Author of the book 'Archipelago - A Journey Across Indonesia'. Author of the book 'Where Australia Collides with Asia' Author of the book 'The Tasman Map'. Author of the book 'Eastern Voyages'.
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16 Responses to The Ambon War Cemetery

  1. Sia Arnason says:

    Very moving. I remember going to the cemetery and pouring water on a grave of a Dutch POW who died and was buried there – much like watering a plant to keep it alive. Sia

  2. Toni Pollard says:

    My two visits there were very memorable, Ian, one of them with you. Anger at the slaughter of so many young men was the prime emotion, but at the same time I have to acknowledge it is a very beautiful resting place for them, and so well maintained.

  3. Cathy Morrison says:

    I too was moved by this cemetery, and liked the care that the local Ambonese men took of it.

  4. Bob Cleworth says:

    Is this a stop on the Spice Islands tour if so it is very appropriate

  5. Glen says:

    My great uncle William Wansbury (RAF) is buried there.

  6. Georgina Lillington says:

    My great Uncle Alf Grand was in hut number 2 in Semarang Camp, Java 1942/43 as listed by Edward McDaniel for Anthony Cowling’s book “My Life with the Samurai”. He died at the camp and is listed as being re-buried at the Ambon war cemetetary. I would like to visit the grave and attend a memorial service on behalf of my Mother (now 80) who is his niece. Can you give me any advice on how to do this? Many thanks Georgina Lillington

    • ianburnet says:

      Hello Georgina. There are flights from Jakarta or Bali to Ambon usually via Macassar. The Commonwealth War Graves are located in a beautiful park within the town of Ambon and are easily accessable. I suggest you first visit the CWG website which suggests you contact them before a visit and can also provide a specific location of the gravesite you are seeking. I hope this helps. Regards Ian

      • Georgina Lillington says:

        Hi Ian, thank for your quick reply. I have been on the CWG website and I have the location of the grave, I also have some info on Ambon. It has been suggested to me that it is not advisable to travel to Ambon alone so I am hoping to find out if there is a group traveling together to Ambon which I could join. I have written to the embassy in Jakarta and to the CWG but have had no luck.
        kind regards Georgina

  7. Gordon Hodgson says:

    My son and I are also interested in visiting the war cemetery as my uncle, Gordon Jones, is buried there. Haven’t worked out how to do it yet, but thinking later this year. A group would be preferable.

    • ianburnet says:

      Gordon, If you can contact the Gullforce group in Australia they travel every year to Ambon, usually for Anzac Day.

      • Leonie Matthews says:

        We’d like to go visit, when this corona virus madness is over. We don’t want to go on ANZAC day so guess we need to work it out ourselves. My relative, great uncle, VX25072 Joseph Henry Brown.

      • Georgina Lillington says:

        Hi Leonie, I travelled to Ambon in January to visit the memorial grave of my Great Uncle Alf Grand. I had been trying to plan a safe way to get there for 10 years. My husband did not want to travel that far just to visit a grave of someone he knew nothing about!! It was not safe for me to travel as a lone female and very expensive. Fortunately two years ago I saw an advert for a Fred Olsen Cruise with Ambon as one of the stops. Though still quite costly it was less expensive than finding all the connecting flights and accommodation etc going overland. By confirming it so far in advance I secured considerable discount. I had to fly to Cairns via Singapore and Sydney to meet the ship and the Jet Lag was hell but all in all well worth it. Ambon is far more developed than I expected and the people are so friendly and helpful. The Ambon Cemetary is a beautiful garden very well looked after and not far by taxi from Ambon town. If you talk to a travel agent on this end I am sure they can even arrange a private tour guide to take you there. The ship did that for me before I left the UK. It was very emotional but so worth the time and effort. The front gate of the cemetary is often locked but the side gate is always open. Do go, it will be well worth it. Good luck Georgina Lillington

  8. ianburnet says:

    Hello Georgina. I am so glad that you were able to visit Ambon and the Commonwealth War Graves. Congratulations and I admire your perseverence. Regards Ian

  9. Georgina Lillington says:

    Thanks Ian. I wish I could have been there for the Anniversary of VJ Day this year but even if I had found a way, Covid 19 would have scuppered that. According to Tony Cowlings book ‘My Life with the Samurai’, my Great Uncle Alf Grand is on the list of captors living in Hut 2 at Semerang Camp Java from June 1942 to February 1943. Thanks to you Ian, Tony and others I can read and understand what life was like for him at that time. I would like to find out more about his movements from leaving England, arriving and being stationed in Singapore, evacuation then capture. Very best wishes Ian, Georgina

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